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Art in Luxembourg

duration : 1 hour

This floor shows a selection of works that trace the evolution of art in Luxembourg from the beginning of the 19th century up to the 21st century. The chronological presentation gives an overview of the history of art in Luxembourg.

The MNHA's collection of Luxembourg art consists of works by Luxembourg or foreign artists, who, for a period of their life, worked on the territory of today's Grand-Duchy.

01 Art in Luxembourg | Room 1

The 19th century was a crucial period in the history of the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg. Jean-Louis Gilson (1741-1809), better known as Frère Abraham d'Orval is one of the most important representatives of early Luxembourg painting.

While travelling through Luxembourg, many young European artists found inspiration in our country and created picturesque landscapes. Jean-Baptiste Fresez (1800-1867), the author of an Album Pittoresque du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg (1857), is the most influential artistic personality of the time. Among his many students were Jacques Sturm (1807-1844) and Nicolas Liez (1809-1892).

Wiltheim Wing | Floor 3

02 Art in Luxembourg | Room 2

Jean-Pierre Huberty (1870-1897), who studied at the Academy in Antwerp and died at the age of 27, is without a doubt the most talented Luxembourg artist at the end of the 19th century.

The impressionist movement arrived late in Luxembourg. At the beginning of the 20th century a number of artists deconstruct light in their works, but the only true impressionist is Dominique Lang (1874-1919). Some of the paintings in this room are from his symbolist period (around 1900).

Wiltheim Wing | Floor 3

03 Art in Luxembourg | Room 3

At the beginning of the 20th century some artists are deeply attached to their native country. They depict Luxembourg landscapes with a strong preference for the Moselle.

After the First World War, some artists, who all studied in Munich, free themselves not only from 19th century academicism, but also from Impressionism. Following the Quarrel of the Ancients and the Moderns, the Salons de la Sécession (1927-29) break with the traditionalists of the Cercle Artistique de Luxembourg (C.A.L.), foundet in 1893.

The expressionist painter Joseph Kutter (1894-1941) is the leading figure behind this Luxembourg Secession. Other members are Jean Schaack (1895-1959), Jean Noerdinger (1895-1963), Harry Rabinger (1895-1966), Auguste Trémont (1892-1980), Claus Cito (1882-1965) and Nico Klopp (1894-1930).

Wiltheim Wing | Floor 3

04 Art in Luxembourg | Room 4

This room shows a number of works that bear witness to the diversity of Luxembourg art in the second half of the 20th century.

After the Second World War, under the influence of the École de Paris, a Luxembourg school of non-figurative art sees the light day (the Nouvelle Equipe was founded in 1948 and the group of the Iconomaques in 1954). The aesthetics of the École de Paris persist until the mid-80's with a few rare exceptions such us feminist art.

In the following decade under the influence of more recent European movements such as the Italian Transavanguardia or the Neuen Wilden, a number of artists establish themselves.

Wiltheim Wing | Floor 3

05 Art in Luxembourg | Room 5

During its history, Luxembourg's artistic landscape has never seen a period of transformation as rapid and as profound as during the decades of the ending 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century.

Unable to retrace this evolution due to a lack of space, the museum presents in this room recent acquisition in a regularly changing display.

Wiltheim Wing | Floor 3